All brain injuries are worrisome, but some brain injuries are more severe than others. Similarly, there are several different types of head injuries, some of which are closed injuries and some of which are open injuries. Below is a brief overview of closed and open brain injuries and an example of more specific injuries.
Closed vs. Open Brain Injury
A closed head injury occurs when the head sustains trauma in an accident, but the skull does not fracture. A closed head injury can be particularly dangerous because the brain has no place to expand when swelling occurs. This results in increased pressure within the brain, which can have devastating consequences for the victim, including death or permanent coma in severe cases.
Unlike a closed head injury, an open head injury refers to a brain injury in which the skull fractures or something penetrates the skull. There are several different types of fractures that may affect the skull, such as a depressed fracture, compound fracture, basilar fracture and more.
A concussion is a type of brain injury that may occur with an open or closed injury. A person might sustain a concussion by hitting his or her head, severe shaking, or from the force caused by whiplash during a motor vehicle accident. The brain slamming into the inside of the skull can cause the trauma that leads to a concussion. In some cases, the concussion may occur with a skull fracture (open injury) or other head injury.
Characterized by slurred speech, confusion, unconsciousness, nausea and weakness, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, concussions can heal within a few days or a few months, depending upon severity. While most concussions don’t pose long-term threats to the victim, others can cause future cognitive and emotional problems.
Penetrating Brain Injury
A penetrating injury is a type of traumatic brain injury caused by an object making contact with the skull and penetrating the skull and brain. This is always an open injury.
Objects that are usually involved in a penetrating injury include bullets, knives or other sharp objects. Depending upon the location and depth of penetration, a penetrating injury can cause instant death or be treated effectively with proper medical care. A doctor can provide a more specific prognosis.
Take Legal Action Today – Call Preszler Law
Brain injuries are serious. If you suffered a brain injury in an accident that would not have occurred but for someone else’s negligent actions, compensation may be recoverable for your damages. By contacting the lawyers at the Preszler Law Firm, you can begin the process of recovering compensation today. If you need legal help, contact us as soon as possible at 1-800-JUSTICE®.